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1492 - Christopher Columbus makes his first voyage and discovers America. Between 1497 and 1607, the rulers and leading citizens of European nations fought to establish their own empires in North America, as Spain had been doing for 100 years in South America. European Settlements in North and South America, 1682 50 UNCLAIMED 1.000 miles NE ENGLAND New rgini town St. ugusuna N THERLAN NEW Santa Fe. Overview When the London Company sent out its first expedition to begin colonizing Virginia on December 20, 1606, it was by no means the first European attempt to exploit North America. 1527: Fishermen are using the harbor at St. John's, Newfoundland and other places on the coast. Detroit, United States. History of Precolonial Meso/South America Introduction Migration to the New World. 1609 - Henry Hudson explores the northeast coast and the … Audrey Hepburn March 4, 2013 Mr. Miller AP U.S. History South vs. North 1800-1850 FRQ: In spite of sharing a country, the Northern and Southern areas of America had many differences and distinctions, which ended up dividing the nation. Many historians believe the fault lines separating what later became the North and South in the United States originated in the profound differences between the Chesapeake and New England colonies. In the early 18th century the African slave population in North America increased rapidly. European Exploration and Early Settlement 1492-1700 The Struggle for Colonial Control of North America 1689-1763 Population and Diversity in America: the Colonial Period 50,000-10,000 BC), humans migrated to Alaska via the Bering land bridge and colonized the Americas. European Settlements in North and South America, 1682 ontréal' N eW Amsterda Jamestow NEW FRÀNCE Virgin. Since the voyages of Christopher Columbus, no region has been more profoundly shaped by colonialism than the Americas. 1565: The first permanent European settlement is founded by Spanish admiral and explorer Pedro Menendez de Aviles (1519–1574) at St. Augustine, Florida. While most of these countries had the same intentions for the new world, such as making large profit and establishing colonies, each country pursued this intention differently. The city was established at the settlement of St. Lawrence Iroquoian at an old abandoned site known as Stadacona. For information on the European settlement of the Americas, see Americas, ... allowing people to spread out across North America and down into South America. 1585 - The Roanoke Colony is founded. He was sailing to North America in search of a sea route to the Pacific. An Italian explorer in the service of France. European Settlements in North and South America, 1682 English French Dutch Spanish N S W E 0500 1,000 kilometers 0 Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area Projection 500 1,000 miles USI_ISN_02_RN-1 European Settlements in North and South America, 1682 (B/W) Second Proof TCI19 09 Early in 1682 La Salle and Tonty finally set out again for the Mississippi River. Raleigh led expeditions to both North America and South America; he was trying to found new settlements, find gold, and increase trade with the New World. 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