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Report "Annette B. Weiner-Inalienable Possessions_ The Paradox of Keeping-While Giving-University of California Press (1992) (1).pdf" Please fill … Inalienable Possessions: The Paradox of Keeping-While Giving – Annette B. Weiner – Google Books. She currently serves as President of the American Anthropological Association. Australian inalienable possessions are given cosmological authentication through their religious beliefs in the Dreaming. However, insofar as these inalienable possessions lose their cosmological authentication, these social hierarchies lose intergenerational longevity. The paradox of keeping-while-giving is a concept certain to influence future developments in ethnography and the theoretical study of gender and exchange. The paradox of keeping-while-giving is a concept certain to influence future developments in ethnography and the theoretical study of gender and exchange. Among the Kwakiutl a certain number of objects, although they appear at the potlatch, cannot be disposed of. Inalienable Possessions tests anthropology's traditional assumptions about kinship, economics, power, and gender in an exciting challenge to accepted theories of reciprocity and marriage exchange. The paradox of keeping-while-giving. Focusing on Oceania societies from Polynesia to Papua New Guinea and including Australian Aborigine groups, Annette Weiner investigates the category of possessions that must not be given or, … University of California Press, 9780520076044, 264pp. "[16] Thus, when one accepts a gift one also accepts that the giver now has rights over the receiver. The development of Polynesian kingdoms is an example. The book is also important for introducing a consideration of gender in the gift-giving debate by placing women at the heart of the political process. As an ideology, The Dreaming is immaterial but in another sense, The Dreaming flourishes because it consists of material and verbal possessions—myths, names, songs, ceremonies, and sacred objects inherited from one generation to the next. The possibilities of transmission in the face of the canon for guardianship establish for ritual leaders a domain of authority that in certain situations leads to a formalized position of rank. In comparing Hawaii, Samoa and the Trobriands, she argues that the more stratified a society is by ranked differences, the more important inalienable possessions produced by sisters become. The "spirit of the gift" was a translation of a Maori word, hau. [34], Related anthropologists on exchange theory, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Applying Anthropology to Fantasy: a Structural Analysis of, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Inalienable_possessions&oldid=989997839, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 November 2020, at 05:39. These gifts are not like those given in regular gift giving in the West on birthdays for example. "The idea of keeping-while-giving places women at the heart of the political process, however much that process may vary in different societies, for women possess a wealth of their own that gives them power. [33] Moreover, entire industries are often based on gift giving such as the pharmaceutical industry. Third thesis: The social is not just the sum of alienable and inalienable goods, but is brought into existence by the difference and inter-dependence of these two spheres of exchange. These inalienable possessions are a form of property that is inalienable, yet they can be exchanged. [17], Weiner argues that the role of women in the exchange of inalienable possessions has been seriously underestimated. Because the Dreaming itself is an inalienable possession kept secret by clan elders, it can be lost and hierarchy defeated. In this way, The Dreaming itself encompasses vast inalienable possessions that are authenticated by the very cosmology under which they are produced. Weiner demonstrates that not all gifts must be returned. Inalienable Possessions: The Paradox of Keeping-While Giving Annette B. Weiner Inalienable Possessions tests anthropology's traditional assumptions about kinship, economics, power, and gender in an exciting challenge to accepted theories of reciprocity and marriage exchange. Landed estates in the Middle Ages, for example, had to remain intact and even if sold, they could be reclaimed by blood kin. Inalienable Possessions: The Paradox of Keeping-While Giving – Annette B. Weiner – Google Books. Maurice Godelier has further elaborated on Annette Weiner's ideas on inalienable possessions in The Enigma of the Gift. €33.99. Marcel Mauss first described inalienable possessions in The Giftdiscussing potlatchesa kind of gift-giving feast held in communities of many indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest:. Privacy Policy. [32] In fact, anthropology in general is important to economics because it talks about the socio-cultural relationships in economy and economy itself as a cultural system that is not just market-based. In reality these pieces of "property" are sacra that a family divests itself of only with great reluctance and sometimes never.[2]. He derived two theses from Weiner, to which he adds a third. Table of Content ILLUSTRATIONS Goods can serve as systems of social communication according to Mary Douglas, a prominent anthropologist. The subtitle of Weiner's book is "The paradox of keeping-while-giving"; they are given as gifts (not sold) yet still retain a tie to their owners. Inalienable Possessions: The Paradox of Keeping-While-Giving is a book by anthropologist Annette Weiner. In addition, gift-giving plays an important role in the cultural development of how social and business relations evolve in major economies such as in the case of the Chinese. This transformation in the object is the result of ritualization or a change in cosmology. The paradox of keeping-while-giving. They are loans rather than sales or true abandonment of possessions. Power is intimately involved in cultural reproduction, and Weiner describes the location of power in each society, showing how the degree of control over the production and distribution of cloth wealth coincides with women's rank and the development of hierarchy in the community. She also credits the original idea of "inalienable possessions" to Mauss, who classified two categories of goods in Samoa, Oloa and le'Tonga─immovable and movable goods exchanged through marriage. [25] While women, as wives, are frequently lowered in status, as sisters, they frequently retain equal status to their brothers. 1. [6] She finds inalienable possessions at the root of many Polynesian kingdoms, such as Hawaii and Samoa. Economists have often shunned the idea of pondering exactly why people want goods. These things, such as valuables, talismans, knowledge, and rites, confirm identities and their continuity over time. Trim Size: 6.125 x 9. The idea of keeping-while-giving places women at the heart of the political process, however much that process may vary in different societies, for women possess a wealth of their own that gives them power. "The establishment and defeat of hierarchy: Inalienable possessions and the history of collective prestige structures in the Pueblo Southwest". That ownership may be a bundle of rights held in common by groups of individuals or lineages. Second Thesis: Women or the feminine element also exercise power by providing legitimation and redistributing of political and religious power among groups in a society. Only gifts that are "immoveable property" can become inalienable gifts. The book focuses on a range of Oceanic societies from Polynesia to Papua New Guinea to test existing theories of reciprocity (gift-giving) and marriage exchange. "To give in this instant means to transfer without alienating, or to use the language of the West, to give means to cede the right of use without ceding actual ownership". Cloaks act as conduits for a person's hau or life giving spirit. Annette B. Weiner – Google Books School of Arts and Science at New York University cosmological origins, kinship and! 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