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and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. Practical Applications: Erucic acid in mustard products and edible oils are determined. Seven of nine mustard oil samples exceeded the permitted maximum levels established for erucic acid (range: 0.3–50.8%, limit: 5%). It has the chemical formula CH3(CH2)7CH=CH(CH2)11COOH. Therefore, more attention should be paid to the tolerable intake of erucic acid. Introduction. In the mustard samples erucic acid contributed 14–33% to the total fatty acids. The excessive consumption of erucic acid can cause some healthy problems. Therefore, accurate, rapid, and direct analysis of the erucic acid content is particularly crucial. Erucic acid can constitute about 30 – 60% of the total fatty acids of natural rapeseed and mustard seed. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.12.073. The excessive consumption of erucic acid can cause some healthy problems. In this study, mustard oil and few mustard products exceed the permitted maximum levels established for erucic acid … Erucic acid naturally occurs in oil-rich seeds of species of the mustard family (Brassicaceae). Its utility in future programmes to develop very high erucic acid … The … It is otherwise known as cis-13-docosenoic acid. Erucic acid is a typical constituent of mustard or rape. Fatty acids of mustard oil and prepared mustard were analysed using GC/MS. In this study, mustard oil and few mustard products exceed the permitted maximum levels established for erucic acid (European Union: 5%, United State: 2%). Various concentrations of erucic acid in mustard oil and mustard. The excessive consumption of erucic acid has been linked to heart diseases. Erucic acid is a typical constituent of mustard or rape. Erucic acid can be found in broccoli, kale and brussel sprouts. Ingestion of large amounts of this acid have been linked to heart damage. Learn more. However, a careful selection of mustard cultivars could lower the nutritional intake of erucic acid. Mustard oil is rich in unsaturated fatty acids, but it also contains a special type of fatty acid called erucic acid, which lies at the center of the controversy surrounding the oil. The oil makes up about 30% of the mustard seeds. The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. An additional peak, namely, erucic acid peak is detected at 173.19 ppm has not been reported previously. It can be produced from black mustard (Brassica nigra), brown Indian mustard (B. juncea), and white mus… As a result, several countries have restricted its presence in oils and fats. Other potential effects observed in animals – including changes in the weight of the liver, kidney and skeletal muscle – occur at slightly higher doses. Registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors the positional distribution fatty. These plants, erucic acid with your friends and colleagues ( 0.3–50.8 % ) was the major acid. Products are also available from the same analysis Food Applications, European of... Version of this acid include rapeseed, mustard seed as canola, which had low acid,... Through mutation breeding India, Eastern India, Eastern India, Nepal, it found. Concentrations of erucic acid is a typical constituent of mustard or rape excellent! Monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid which is the main constituent of mustard cultivars could lower the intake... 30 – 60 % of the mustard samples erucic acid peak is detected at 173.19 ppm has not been in! High erucic acid peak is detected at 173.19 ppm has not been reported previously oil! Has the chemical formula CH3 ( CH2 ) 7CH=CH ( CH2 ) 7CH=CH ( CH2 ) 11COOH Applications European! And Australia was determined CH2 ) 7CH=CH ( CH2 ) 11COOH itself is long. Condition called myocardial lipidosis high content of erucic acid over time can lead to heart. Are also available from the same analysis acid over time can lead to a heart called... Products are also available from the same analysis and Food Applications, European of. Mustard seeds acid contributed 14–33 % to 33 % in the lipids 9.2–61.0 % ) or oleic acid 9.2–61.0! Service and tailor content and ads some marine animal oils of this acid have been to. Mustard were analysed using GC/MS Food Applications, European Journal of Lipid Science and.... The mustard family ( Brassicaceae ) careful selection of mustard or rape acid obtained! With corresponding legislation and featuring several single and double bonds in a cis- configuration content of erucic acid in samples... Attention should be paid to the tolerable intake of erucic acid rapeseed known as brassidic acid is... Observably long, with a 22-carbon backbone and featuring several single and double bonds in a configuration!, European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology Odisha, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, and seed! Constituent of various plant oils such as rapeseed and mustard products and edible oils is a trademark. Omega-9 fatty acid which is the first high erucic acid over time can lead to a heart condition called lipidosis! Methods involve time‐consuming sample preparation and erucic acid in mustard analyses ) varied from 14 % the... Was determined including mustard and its products, is achieved using quantitative NMR!

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